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How to take care of a bonsai: the care to be given to bonsai in different periods of the year (spring, summer, autumn and winter). Fertilization, pruning, binding, repotting and useful advice.
Caring for a bonsaiit is not difficult but it requires constant commitment. For the cultivation of bonsaiyou have to be patient and respect some fundamental rules. To make the difference between abonsaivigorous and a suffering bonsai, they are not cutting-edge cultivation techniques or supernatural abilities, the difference is made by the little daily attentions.
For newbies on the subject, it is good to specify that these small miniature trees have very different needs compared to the classic plants we have in the garden. Like the plants we have in the garden, ibonsai they need light, air and water but the needs change according to the season. So you should move the pots and give a different exposure between the summer and the colder ones, in summer you should water every day until you reach four waterings a day for the most demanding species!
THE bonsai they can be grown both in the garden and indoors, depending on the species, but in any case during the summer i bonsaithey must be taken out. For more information on the cultivation of bonsai we refer you to the article How to grow a bonsai.
How to take care of a bonsai in spring
In spring, the indoor bonsai will have to be moved outdoors. Do this only when the risk of late frosts is over.
Water more frequently.
- From March to April it is necessary to water twice a week.
- From May to June wet 4 times a week.
The frequency of irrigation can increase for the most demanding species and in case of sultry heat.
After the vegetative awakening, ibonsaithey must be fertilized every 10 - 15 days.
Spring is the best time forrepotting bonsai.
How to take care of a bonsai in the summer
In summer, watering becomes daily. The soil must be irrigated and the foliage must be sprayed in the coolest hours of the day.
Insummeryou can perform thepruninggodsbonsaiconifers and broad-leaved trees that have put out new shoots. Summer pruning is done only to keep the shape.
In summer the fertilizations should be suspended or in any case the bonsai fertilizes with rather low doses that do not induce excessive vegetation.
How to take care of a bonsai in the fall
In the fall, iindoor bonsaithey must be relocated in a protected place. Irrigation begins to reduce (irrigation 1-2 times a week) making sure to always keep the soil just moist.
THEindoor bonsaithey must be turned occasionally so as to avoid the development of excessive vegetation only on one side of the plant. THEindoor bonsaithey must be kept in a very bright area, away from heat sources (radiators, air conditioners ...) and in a humid environment. To ensure the right humidity, add expanded clay to the saucers.
How to take care of a bonsai in winter
In winter, both outdoor and indoor bonsai must be protected from the cold.
Especially protect the roots. In this period, preventive treatments with fungicides can be performed, especially if you have had problems with fungal diseases in the past years.
Continue watering with the same autumn cadence and spray the foliage if the home environment is made too dry by the use of radiators.
How to water a bonsai
To understand if our bonsai needs water, just touch the ground with a finger: if it is dry it is necessary to water the plant well, taking care to let excess water escape from the drainage hole of the pot. But be careful not to over-wet the bottom, to avoid rotting the roots. In winter and in humid environments you will need to water less frequently. In both summer and winter, the soil should always be slightly moist and never completely dry.
Fertilizer for bonsai
Bonsai must be fertilized: prefer a liquid product, preferably with a complete formulation of microelements. The best period for fertilization begins in March, with the vegetative restart of the plant, to suspend in the warmer months and then resume in September.
How to prune a bonsai
Pruning can be done in different styles. The simplest choice, when buying the bonsai, is to keep the shape of the foliage: just remove the excess buds gradually using a pair of properly disinfected scissors.
As the roots grow quite slowly, it is not a good idea to transfer the plant to a new container frequently. If our bonsai is young, it is enough to intervene approximately every two years, the adult plants can be repotted even once every 4 years.
During the repotting operation, it will be necessary to gently thin out the roots, eliminating the larger ones without capillaries: the thinner the root system, the better the condition of the canopy, which will have a healthier and more harmonious development.
To fill the new pot you will need to get sifted soil in order to keep the most granular component, thus excluding the earth that passes through the sieves: this operation serves to promote the growth of thin roots.
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