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Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve, the largest in the whole country with its wonderful 15,000 hectares of extension. It is an excellent destination both for those who love the sea and underwater wonders, and for those with a passion for ancient history and want to visit interesting sites while breathing in the salty air. The area protected by the Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve it extends for about 100 meters from the coast and was established in 1991, today it is managed by the Province of Crotone. Let's dive in to know it.
Marine Protected Area of Capo Rizzuto
On the rich waters of the Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve eight promontories overlook, of particular archaeological interest is that of Capo Colonna where a park houses the only column of the temple of Hera Lacinia that remains standing. Also the Punta Le Castella it deserves a detour, it is on the opposite side of the reserve and houses an Aragonese castle.
The Marine Reserve Area of Capo Rizzuto it is divided into two main areas, one of the integral reserve, the A, and the other of the general reserve, the B. In the first, access, navigation, bathing and anything that could alter the underlying marine environment are prohibited but they can be done guided tours. The A is divided into two sub-areas that in all cover about 6 km of coastline, one is located south of Capo Colonna, the other more towards Capo Cimiti.
Moving on to zone B, we find fewer limitations: here, a little more relaxed, we can also practice stationary or trawl fishing. This libertine area of the Marine Reserve of Capo Rizzuto it extends from the Crotone area to the western part of Le Castella for about 30 km of coastline.
Marine Protected Area of Capo Rizzuto: what to see
There is no shortage of calls for divers and non-divers in the Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve, starting fromAquarium, a treasure chest that holds the wonders of the sea, accessible even to those who want to stay dry. For those who will dive it is an excellent preview. Located in Capo Rizzuto, it hosts well 22 tanks with a total capacity of 20,000 liters, made on purpose to allow us to admire the flora and fauna of the Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve.
In a few minutes they will pass before our eyes there Posidonia oceanica, the red star, the sea urchins, the multicolored maidens, the hermit crab, the menacing moray eels, the jellyfish and much more. In the same location there is also an educational laboratory dedicated to children and a Marine Environment Education Center (CEAM).
For a more scenic visit, it is historical, and in the open air, the Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve proposes the system of coastal fortifications built between medieval and modern times and a series of country residences, villas, hunting lodges, farms and very fascinating convents among which I would mention Villa Berlingieri and Sculco at Capo Colonna, and the Masseria Caracciolo in Scifo.
Among the most important centers in the protected area are Crotone, between the Tacina and Neto rivers, Capo Colonna, founded by the Achaeans, between 740 BC and 718 BC. Fascinating and worthy of an excursion is there'Isola Capo Rizzuto, a major tourist center, about 20 km from Crotone which also hosts traces of human settlements dating back to more than five thousand years BC.
An inevitable and evocative pearl it is the Castle of Le Castella: a wall complex built by Andrea Carafa before 1521, even if it is said of much older origins. To complete the tasting of the treasures of Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve before leaving, here is the video.
Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve: map
In the map of the Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve It's easy to associate the wonders we've talked about so far with the dots on the screen, just join them to figure out our ideal path.
Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve: flora and fauna
There is no telling if you deserve more of the flora or fauna of the Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve, better throw an eye on both, knowing that it is worth it, without any doubt. Whether you stay above sea level, enjoy the white beaches, or dive into the crystal clear waters. Certainly the seabed is very rich, although very shallow, unlike all the others in the Calabrian coast. Depending on whether they are sandy or rocky, they present us with opportunities to make different but always interesting encounters.
There Capo Rizzuto Marine Reserve it is undoubtedly a unique environment from a naturalistic point of view. Its extensive grasslands of Posidonia Oceanica, are just the first example of a series of suggestive underwater views, as well as the madreporic banks of Cladocora Caespitosa.
Characters like the Bandaged Sarago, or theEuscarus Cretensis are worth knowing but they are not the only fish species that find refuge and food in the area: there is no shortage of groupers, barracudas, tunas and sometimes even the friendly dolphins.As for the earthly flora, there is no question: the Mediterranean scrub reigns undisturbed with mastic, thyme, crystalline grass, myrtle, capers, tamarisk, broom and juniper.
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