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Earthquakes e tools to support rescue activities, a few hours and in the long run. Following the recent episode in central Italy, attention is returning to the urgency of developing increasingly innovative and effective ways to deal with emergencies. The constant and serious research work of the CNR-Imaa, thanks also to the collaboration with some sensitive companies, including AlienData and Tom Tom, provides three early warning tools.
These are three names that are new today (Maplite, GeoSDI and Eware) but that we will learn to love and respect, because they will allow us to better understand what happens and how to intervene by minimizing damage, both human, environmental and economic.
Nothing Martian or nerd but early warning tools useful and practical, based on the fact that, looking at the updated maps of the "catastrophe", it is possible to contribute to the best and, sometimes, personally, to the sending of information from places. Everything with one app, easy and handy even when one is in confusion and ongoing tragedy.
The early warning tools they also provide an online console which, if consulted, warns when a new earthquake is detected. Not only that, this tool, which I will later present in more depth, also behaves identically useful in case of fires and weather warnings, telling in a multimedia way what happens in the surroundings of the place at the center of the event that just happened, also providing valuable updates on climatic conditions minute by minute and information on the inhabitants of the affected area.
Earthquakes: an interactive map
There are some to consult, and also in a useful and pleasant way, for tourism purposes, but in case of earthquakes the interactive maps are one of the early warning tools more effective in facilitating relief efforts and the exchange of information between the various bodies involved. This is true not just for earthquakes, but also for other types of emergencies that you have to manage.
Although they are "well-known and well-known" territories by those who live there every day, even more so for those who carry out them every day rescue activities, when a catastrophe occurs they are almost always significant alterations that involve and distort geography. "Our usual area" is no longer the same and not only from a landscape point of view, but above all on the logistics side.Let's stick to the example of earthquakes: roads, buildings, infrastructures, service networks are certainly damaged and the rescue operations for the population they cannot ignore it.
An interactive map made with innovative CNR early warning tools allow in a fast and reliable way to reconstruct the new morphology of the territory, identifying - an essential step is the access points to the affected areas and those where vehicles and people have gathered. Even local authorities can plan their own Civil Protection Plans immediately by consulting the interactive maps.
Now we will see how to own the early warning tools created by Cnr, GeoSDI among all, they are able to produce these precious interactive so that they are also interoperability. This means that everyone involved in the emergency management they can consult them, help make them as accurate as possible and make sure that the picture is clear as soon as possible.
The map that was made for the recent earthquake in central Italy it is the result of the work carried out by the laboratory GeoSDI of the Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis (Imaa) of the Cnr, belonging to the Department of Earth System Sciences and Technologies for the Environment which has been active for years in support of the Department of Civil Protection (DPC).
Earthquakes, early warning tools: Maplite
MapLite is one of three tools that the Cnr shows off and allows you to navigate an updated map quickly and without having to be skilled smartphone users. Always with MapLite it is also possible to share what we are witnessing, if we are in an emergency area, and which we believe will be useful. Just capture the image and share it on social networks or, if you prefer, by e-mail.
Thanks to MapLite following the recent earthquake, it was possible for the technicians to create interactive maps on the fly by integrating data from the national seismological network of Ingv with aerial photos before and after the earthquake, geo-localized photographic surveys using smartphones and other useful data. The update with MapLite it is constant and unanimous and the maps can also be inserted in the web pages of other sites and portals.
Earthquakes, early warning tools: GeoSDI
In this case we have an app in hand that helps to facilitate thereal-time update of the Civil Protection maps: who is on the spot, and has one smartphone Android with Gps and camera, can be useful by becoming a point of reference. A simple inhabitant, therefore, turns into a terminal that sends images and data with precise spatial and chronological referencesthe.
Thanks to GeoSDI and to the good will of each one, collapses, damages and other difficult situations can be reported in the best way. And if there is good free WiFi coverage, it's easy to do. This app coming from the lab GeoSDI of the Cnr, is downloadable from Play Store and gives space to signaling an unfeasible road such as requests for help or available services: pharmacies, places for hospitality and animal rescue…
Earthquakes, early warning tools: Eware
This is a multi-risk monitoring console for Early Warning. Eware stands for Early Warning and Awareness of Risks and Emergencies, is an early warning system for the prevention, mitigation and assessment of disasters, be they earthquakes, fires, or weather events.
The objective with which the laboratories of the Cnr they wanted to create is to facilitate the humanitarian and governmental response so that every unfortunate occasion is more and more easily manageable the situation, Eware is simple and accessible to everyone, therefore everyone can have an early knowledge of where a particular event occurs and also of how vulnerable the structures involved are.
This awareness at zero time and with a wide range it will allow to minimize the impact of a disaster on the economy, the environment and, even before, on the population. For such efficiency, Eware draws on numerous data sources: NASA satellite ones, weather forecasts, global seismic networks. It is also based on mechanisms, programmable, capable of detecting critical issues and assess the exceeding of thresholds, then sending notices to those responsible for managing emergencies.
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