Construction waste, disposal and regulations

Construction waste, disposal and regulations

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Construction waste, disposal and regulations. All information on the management of construction waste: regulations, construction and demolition waste.

When it comes toconstruction waste, it is good to highlight between the resulting materials generated during the construction phase and those produced during the demolition phase. THEconstruction wasteproducts under construction, in fact, are governed by different regulations thanconstruction wasteproducts being demolished.

The resulting materials generated on site are legislated byEnvironment Ministerial Decree of 5 April 2006, n. 186. The Regulation amending the ministerial decree of 5 February 1998 entitled «Identification of non-hazardous waste subjected to simplified recovery procedures, pursuant to articles 31 and 33 of the legislative decree 5 February 1997, n. 22 ".

The waste materials produced on a construction site must undergo a thorough recovery procedure. The law, in fact, establishes that recovery activities must be subjected to simplified and technical procedures that must establish:

  • the maximum quantities that can be used for a given material.
  • The origin of the material.
  • The types and characteristics of the waste, as well as the conditions of use of the same.
  • The requirements necessary to ensure that waste is recovered without danger to human health and without techniques that can cause damage to the environment.

It's the sameMinisterial Decree of 5 April 2006 n. 186which establishes the procedure to be followed for the transformation, treatment and recycling of construction products.

To investigate compliance with the laws about itdisposal of construction waste are the Municipalities. When a user requests permission to build (license), he must indicate to the municipality the amount of construction waste that is likely to occur during the works.

THEconstruction wasteproducts under construction, as well as iconstruction wasteproducts in the demolition phase, cannot be mixed with other special waste. On site it will be necessary to divide theconstruction wastebased on the type, in particular there will be:

  • non-polluting waste derived from earthworks or clearing. We talk aboutdisposalof unpolluted excavation material.
  • Waste that can be deposited on landfills for aggregates without further treatment. We talk aboutdisposal of aggregates.
  • Combustible waste such as wood, paper, cardboard and other synthetic materials. We talk aboutdisposal of construction wastefuels.
  • Other wastes not otherwise identified.

Building demolition waste

The construction waste generated by the demolition of a building is much more inhomogeneous than the waste produced on a construction site.

THEconstruction waste from demolitionthey need preventive treatments such as screening, sorting, separation, removal of pollutants, recovery of metals or other metal compounds, crushing…. A lengthy recovery process will be required before moving on to reusing resources.

Thestandardsgoverning itdisposalgodsconstruction waste from demolitionare contained in Legislative Decree no. 152/2006 and subsequent amendments.

Building waste

After having seen the current regulations on the disposal of construction waste, let's see who has to bear the burden of disposal.

Most of the construction waste it consists of inert materials, such as plaster rubble, bricks, reinforced and non-reinforced concrete, deriving from demolition and construction activities. Thedisposalof these materials is borne by the person who produces the rubble, to govern it is the Legislative Decree of April 3, 2006, n.152 "Environmental regulations ".

In practical terms, it has to deal withdisposal of building rubblethose who produce them, therefore, if they are created by a construction company, the company itself will take over the disposal work. If the work is carried out on its own, the owner of the property must be responsible for managing the building waste.

The most careful firms, to run arecyclingmore accurate, they perform aselective demolition with techniques capable of selecting waste materials in order to manage them separately from the beginning of the work.

Video: Construction Waste Management - 6 Tips for a More Effective Construction Waste Management System (August 2022).