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Grow artichokes: instructions oncultivation of the artichoke. When to prune artichokes, varieties, seeds and characteristics of the plant.
Cultivation of artichokes in Italy
Grow artichokesit is possible a little on the whole boot. The areas most suitable forcultivation of the artichokethey are those that have a mild and dry winter climate. If you live in northern Italy, in the paragraph dedicated toartichoke harvest we indicate a variety more suitable for cultivation in this climatic zone.
Not everyone knows that Italy is the largest producer of artichokes in the world and almost all artichoke production is sold and consumed within the borders of the Bel Paese. In short ... the artichoke can be considered a typical Italian product!
To get startedgrow artichokesyou can buy seedlings already developed at garden centers or buy seeds to germinate. The seeds can be bought in specialized stores or by taking advantage of the online purchase. For completeness we point out the official Amazon page dedicated to gardening where you can find the seeds of different varieties of artichokes; for prices and available varieties, just consult this link.
Growing artichokes, tips
In grow artichokes in the open groundit is essential to fight against weeds: the weedingof the soil is important to improve the collection of rainwater and to bury any organic fertilizers.
In case of lack of rain, regular watering is necessary to keep the soil cool and moist.
In mountainous or hilly areas, production can be dispensed with in the winter. In practice, you will have to prune, or rather, cut the plant at the base of the vegetation but without affecting the rhizomes. By giving up winter production you will ensure a late spring or summer harvest. The artichokes, in this case, ripen later and are called "out of season".
For all the instructions on the planting period and the care to be used for cultivation, please read the page: Artichokes, how and when to sow them.
Artichoke harvest: when to do it
The period of the collectedit varies according to the variety cultivated and also depending on the pruning. Let's see all the details.
The artichoke from Cataniais the first to produce flower heads and therefore thecollectedruns from October to mid-spring. This plant produces medium-sized, cylindrical and elongated artichokes.
The Sardinian spiny artichoke has green external bracts edged with violet. Yes collectsa month later than the Catania artichoke and therefore the harvest starts from November.
TheRoman artichokespring is the most popular, especially among the crops of central Italy. It produces large flower heads which are commonly calledviolets. Here thecollectedit's spring.
The violet artichoke of Tuscany is widely cultivated in the Center North. It is a variety acollectionlate. The flower heads are smaller, firmer and ovoid in shape.
How many artichokes does a plant produce
It is not at all easy to estimate the production of a single plant. Much depends on the vegetative development and the variety of the plant in question.
In addition, the quantity of artichokes a plant produces is indirectly proportional to its size.
To produce larger artichokes, in fact, the secret is to limit the number of flower heads for each plant, leaving from eight to ten and to collect in a scaled way. In this way, it is true that the plant will only produce 8 - 10 artichokes but they will be large in size, more tender and aromatic.
Plus, the first ready-to-harvest artichoke is defined"Head"because it develops on the main stem and in the terminal position. The head artichoke represents thedominant peeking, it will be the first to be harvested (it is earlier). The dominant flower head is more tender, therefore easier to cook and even tastier ... in the jargon it is called violets and in your artichoke cultivation in the garden, it must have a special treatment ... when it ends up on your plate!
Parasites of artichokes
Artichokes can be attacked by various parasites: the aphids they are particularly aggressive and can infest both the base of the artichoke heads and their peduncle. Definitely harmful can also be the depressaria of the flower heads, a moth, as well as the vanessa cardui.
Artichoke leaves can also be attacked by larvae and adult insects of Cassida deflowered, a beetle present mainly in the southern areas of our country.
The miner larvae they are flies that settle in the main vein of the leaves, damaging them when they are reactivated in spring.
To defend themselves from the miners there are biological defense techniques which are particularly useful because this type of insects tends to resist the phytotoxicity of pesticides. “Authorized” also in organic farming, one of the most recommended and effective products is the one also available on Amazon: the Solabiol Insetticida Success Bayer Natria Bio.