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Moon and sowing: how to recognize the phases of the moon and make the most of them in agriculture. Sowing, harvesting, planting, pruning and grafting, here's how to recognize the best period according to the Moon.
There moon has always influenced agricultural activities, in particular the sowing. Since the dawn of time, the moon phases have been observed by man and still today, farmers take them into account.
The motions of rotation of moon phases have a characteristic cyclicality: the rotation of the moon it is synchronous and always turns the same face towards the Earth.
The Moon travels an elliptical orbit which in the broader context of the rhythms of other celestial bodies, ensures that the sky, as a whole, always presents itself in a different way.
It is for this strong and continuous diversity that an experimental type approach capable of highlighting the effects of Moon on sowingand agriculture. Scientists, to record the effects of the Moon on agriculture they would need to recreate identical conditions several times ... which is impossible! It is precisely for this reason that science has conflicting opinions regarding theinfluence of moon on sowing and more generally on crops.
In the photo above, the dimensions of the Moon in relation to those of the Earth. The Moon is only 384,400 km from the Earth, close enough to make it visible to the naked eye and to distinguish some reliefs on the surface.
Moon and moon phases:Crescent Moon and Waning Moon
During its orbital motion, the different aspect caused by the orientation with respect to the Sun generates the so-calledmoon phasesclearly visible from Earth.
The changes of the Moon visible from the earth, are saidmoon phasesand should be observed inagricultureto determine sowing, harvesting, grafting and pruning periods.
How are the moon phases? It all depends on the position of the sun relative to themoonperceived by the Earth.
We said that themoonorbit around the Earth and for this reason it is called theEarth's natural satellite. The moon does not rotate on itself as the Earth does, but follows its orbit.
Themoon phasesare divided into two periods, the one in which theMoon is waxing and the one in which theMoon is waning.
There phase of the crescent moonoccurs when the visible part of the Moon, illuminated by the sun, increases. Therephase of the waning moonit occurs when the part of the Moon illuminated by the sun and therefore visible from the earth, decreases.
These two phases converge in two different extreme situations. When the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun and the illuminated part is not visible, we speak ofnew moon(New Moon). When the illuminated part is fully visible from the Earth, it is referred to asFull moon, and from the Earth the Moon is described asfull moon.
The Full Moon (Full Moon) occurs because the position of the Moon is opposite to that of the Sun relative to the Earth.
With the new moon (New Moon) the visible hemisphere of the Moon is completely in shadow. Inlunar calendar, this day is reported as the first day of the month. The new Moon occurs when in the course of its orbit, our natural satellite is in conjunction with the Sun, that is, it stands between the Earth and the Sun. In practice, the Sun illuminates the hemisphere of the Moon which is not visible from the Earth (the dark side of the moon) and because of this, the visible hemisphere of the moon is placed completely in shadow.
In the photo above, the representation of the differentmoon phases. At no. 5 we see theFull moon(Full flood) and at n. 1 is represented theNew Moon with the new moon.
How to understand when the Moon is waxing or waning
To recognize and if themoonisgrowingor waning just observe "the hump", that is its curvature and remember the old adage:hump in the west crescent moon, hump in the east waning moon.
Or, again, "the moon is a liar: when it says it grows (draws a C) it is decreasing, when it says it decreases (draws a letter D) it is increasing.”
So, from step n. 5 to phase number, 8 of the representation above, we are infalling moon. From phase n. 1 to phase n. 5, we are inCrescent moon.
Moon and sowing
Generally speaking, it can be said that the sowing of vegetables that grow underground (for example, potatoes and carrots) must be done with falling moon, on the contrary, the sowing of vegetables that grow on the surface, it must be performed with Crescent moon.
Exceptions to this general rule are those plants equipped with head such as cabbage and lettuce, in fact, these vegetables, if planted with moon waning they go to flower with less speed. Some farmers also extend this principle to vegetables such as kohlrabi, spinach and chard.
Sowing with waning moon:what to sow in the garden
With the old woman moon there sowing should cover (some more common examples):
- green bean
According to biodynamic agriculture, theLunar calendarit should be better exploited in agriculture. Themoon phases, in biodynamic agriculture, are fundamental. With these cultivation techniques, it's not enough to talk aboutsowing with waning moon or crescnete moon, for example: the best time for plant garlic falls between the fifth day before the full moon and the first day after the full moon, so garlic should be planted in the very first phase of the waxing moon.
What jobs to do in agriculture with a waning moon
Not onlysowing, the Moon also influences the best periods for pruning, grafting, harvesting… Here are which works are recommended infalling moon.
- Prune vines
- Prune trees of all kinds
- Prune roses and shrubs
- Cut wicker and willows to make baskets
- Working poles to support the vineyard
- Working wood for the barrels so as not to facilitate woodworms
- Divide tufts
- Divide bulbs and rhizomes
- Collect chestnuts
Sowing with a crescent moon:what to sow in the garden
With the Crescent moon we proceed to sowing of different vegetables and plants, among the most common:
- Sweet pepper
- Herbs (can also be transplanted)
- All flowering plants
What jobs to do in agriculture with a crescent moon
The work to be carried out with Crescent moon I'm:
- cut firewood
- grafts and other types of propagation (cuttings)
- trees are planted
- shrubs and roses
- fruit is collected.
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